Before we start with Browser compatibility in APIs we first need to understand what an API is and how do they work. Without understanding the proper role and functionality of an API it will become difficult to get into some uncommon and gigantic terms like backward compatibility and browser consumption of APIs.
When you go through its Wikipedia definition you might find a long description but in simple terms they are like a waiter in a restaurant who serves your request. Taking request from the customer and passing this information to the data center (here the kitchen) and acknowledging the request and bringing the data (food here).
So, if that’s the case with various codes trying to interact with each other, how will the website know that you want to request something from it? You will need an API.
Different Types of APIs
Web Services APIs: These APIs include REST API, SOAP API, XML-RPC, and JSON-RPC. The most common ones out of these APIs are REST and SOAP where REST stands for Representational State Transfer and SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol.
REST API is preferred among the two because of its added advantages over SOAP API. It has a standard set of protocols.
Source Code APIs: These APIs include interfaces, Library based APIs, and Class Based APIs.
Hardware APIs: Communication through hardware ike reading temperature, flow, pressure, moisture, information like model number etc is done with the help of Hardware APIs. However, these APIs are independent of browser compatibility.
Object Remoting APIs: These APIs use remoting protocols like CORBA.
Class based APIs: Data and functionality is organized around classes just like in object oriented languages in these APIs.
WebSocket APIs: In Websocket APIs the server do not respond to every request. It sends event driven responses once the connection is established without waiting for the server to reply.
These are the different types of API’s
REST (short for ‘Representational State Transfer’) is a web services API. REST APIs are a key part of modern web applications, including Netflix, Facebook, and many others.
An RPC (Remote Procedure Call) APIs are the oldest and simplest types of API. The goal of an RPC is for the client to execute code on a server. The main benefit of RPC APIs is they make it easier for developers to create applications involving multiple programs or services.
A SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) API is similar to REST in that it’s a type of Web API. SOAP entered the web development scene in the late 1990s, around the time service-oriented architecture (SOA) took-off. SOAP was the first to standardize the way applications should use network connections to manage services.
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