Answer Source: DevOps 2020: The Top Nine Trends to Watch Out For
Here are the latest trends that are dominating the DevOps sphere and will eventually be the norm in 2020.
1. Harnessing the Power of Machine Learning
Machine learning and artificial intelligence are right now the focus of the digital world. DevOps, too, will be much smarter with the help of AI in the coming years. There is too much data available these days. With AI, DevOps will be able to handle and get benefit from big data thereby improving the app development process (and the associated analysis and research processes) in a phenomenal way. The already automated CI/CD pipeline will see more automation, and eventually, human intervention in the pipeline will be at its minimum. Of course, there will be challenges implementing the power of AI and ML, but the result would be magical.
This will further make the building of a robust automation testing framework necessary which, in turn, will facilitate faster scripting of new test cases. Nowadays, there are automation testing solutions like LambdaTest, which not only provide you with infrastructure but also give you a whole range of complementary features that together enhance your whole cross-browser testing experience while helping you to ship your products faster.
2. Cloud Providers Would Gain More Importance
Cloud providers will be more focused on serverless DevOps solutions in 2020. And there will be many takers because not only it will be cost-effective, it will also be headache-free. A developer would not be responsible for maintaining hardware and software that the code runs on — the cloud service providers would be.
3. Rise of Compliance-As-Code: DevSecOps
With the rise of attacks from malicious factors, security will remain the focus in 2020. Developers are now implementing compliance as code more thoroughly and improving the security aspects in DevOps. They are wary of last-minute code changes upon the discovery of security vulnerabilities. DevSecOps would solve that problem and in 2020, we will see a rise in the implementation of this mantra.
4. Modular Software: Microservice
In 2020, more and more businesses will say goodbye to the big, monolithic applications and favor the rise of modular applications wherein a big application can be broken into logical modules. And these modules can then be updated individually without the risk of messing up the stability of the whole application. In a nutshell, 2020 will see the rise in the usage of microservices architecture.
5. Assembly Line to Bridge Gap
To reach the idealized version of CI and CD, we need to bridge the gap between various departments that come into play in a DevOps friendly software delivery environment. Developers, testing teams, ops team, SecOps team, and Software Release Management teams all need to be coordinated in an organized fashion in order to achieve a hundred percent successful implementation of CI/CD pipeline.
6. More Importance on Code
Automation is the keyword in DevOps. Until now, human intervention is significantly needed in the CI/CD pipeline. In 2020, there will be a trend to decrease this human intervention. Scripting, using machine learning, and automating everything will be necessary, meaning the operations team will be required to write scripts, as well. No longer will a tester be able to ignore the importance of coding.
7. More Focus On a Shift-Left Policy
With security coming into focus, shift-left policy will witness a significant rise in importance. No longer will the admins need to wait for any bugs or security flaws to crop up after product development. Developers can check for security issues in the pipeline and take adequate measures. This is already happening and in 2020, this will become even more popular. This shift-left policy will also accommodate any product change early in the development cycle.
With cloud adoption on the rise, IaaS will also witness a rise in demand. No longer will the developers need to configure individual servers, data centers, and virtual machines — everything will be scripted. The cost associated with software development will decrease and there will be flexibility in using this type of coded infrastructure because it will then be accessible to multiple admins from anywhere in the world. With logic-based operation gaining traction, Faas will see an increase. Event-driven server capacity usage will become the norm. This, basically, will put an end to the work of managing the cloud server as everything will be based on If-This-Then-That logic. The cloud server will know when to accommodate more computing power and when to use less capacity.
9. Database Management and Its Rise
DevOps already automates codes and pipelines. With AI becoming the norm in 2020, developers will have more control over big data management with the help of AI tools. This will bring database management and the DevOps process together. The more big data is analyzed, the more enriching the software usage will become. DevOps will incorporate database management hugely in the future.