Selenium IDE is one of the four basic components of Selenium itself, together with the Selenium Grid, the Selenium Remote Control (RC), and the WebDriver. Selenium IDE represents a software environment which allows the generation of automated test scripts. It stands for Integrated Development Environment. It is implemented as a plug-in for browser and works based on the principle of recording, playback, and saving your test scripts. Initially, this component was known as the Selenium Recorder. Today, Selenium IDE is an advanced tool used by millions of users around the world. Find out why you should learn how to use Selenium IDE today.
Why Is the Selenium IDE Important?
Selenium IDE is great for getting started with Selenium tools. It's very efficient because it provides the ability to record actions in the exact order in which they are supposed to be tested. It is very good for starting learning automated testing because Selenium IDE is the simplest for use among all Selenium tools. In practice, Selenium RC and Selenium WebDriver do offer more features but are more complex to learn and use.
It is very important to learn more about how Selenium IDE works if you want to perform flawless automated tests. In this article, we are bringing you a comprehensive guide to learning Selenium IDE.
How to Learn the Selenium IDE?
There are some important facts you should know before learning Selenium IDE. First of all, new Selenium IDE users are lucky, as the new version is good for any browser supporting web extensions! Selenium IDE is no longer limited to Firefox. In addition, the test scripts that are generated used to be stored only in the Selense form, which is a special script language for Selenium. Selense provided commands for executing actions in the Internet browser and download data from the pages that are obtained as the result of the action. Today, advanced Selenium IDE features save the scrips in HTML format. Scripts can be saved automatically and the user can manually debug and change them.
In this guide, we will show you how to do basic actions, such as:
- Install Selenium IDE
- Record a test
- Play a test back
- Save a test
How to Use Selenium IDE for Cross-Browser Testing
New versions of Selenium IDE allow cross browser testing. This basically means that you can run the tests cross-browser, parallelly, and on a Grid, and you don’t have to write code.
There are some basic system prerequisites for installing and using this feature.
First of all, the Node should be version 8 or 10. In addition, you should have the NPM. This usually comes with Node itself. The Selenium side runner should be already installed on your system too. Finally, you should have the browser driver.
After making sure that you have all of the system prerequisites fulfilled, download the Selenium IDE command line runner. Then, you should install it. Then, launch the Command Line Runner from a command prompt.
Benefits of Selenium IDE
- Selenium IDE is easy to install
- It is easy to use
- Allows easy test debugging
- You don’t have to be a programming expert to use it
- Various export options available
- Designed for resilient tests (via multiple locators)
- Allows re-using the tests
- Designed for advanced control flow
- Built-in test reporting modules available
- Built-in help options available
- Supports the extensions and plugins
- Good for cross-browser testing
- New version works with all browsers that support web extensions
Original Source: A Complete Guide to Learning the Selenium IDE