1. React JS
React introduced a component-based, functional, and declarative programming style for creating interactive user interfaces for mainly single-page web applications. React delivers blazing-fast rendering by making use of ‘Virtual DOM’ that renders only those components that have changed instead of rendering the whole page.
React Usage Statistics 2020
Pros of using React
- Reusable components – React’s component-based approach helps developers to import or reuse UI components without breaking a sweat insteading of coding them from scratch.
- Easy integration – React allows easy integration with other front-end and back-end framework like the popular PHP framework Laravel to work in tandem without a hitch.
Cons of using React
- Although JSX is a simpler syntax that is easier to read and comprehend, it might present an additional learning barrier to new developers.
2. Vue Js
Vue was first launched in 2014 by Evan You, a developer working for Google who took inspiration from Angular to deliver a simple lightweight and efficient alternative in the form of Vue JS. Although Vue JS has adopted most of its features from React JS and Angular JS
Likewise Vue JS offers high flexibility – not only can it function as an end-to-end full-fledged framework like Angular but also a view layer with state management like React. Thus, the principle key advantage of Vue is its simpler, uncomplicated, unrestrictive and progressive nature that adapts to developer’s needs.
Vue Usage Statistics 2020
Pros of using Vue
- Built in MVC – Vue JS has an inbuilt MVC that enables quick and easy configuration unlike React JS.
Cons of using Vue
- Small community of contributors – Vue JS does not enjoy the backing of a giant like Facebook or Google like in case of React JS or Angular JS. But Vue JS has indeed managed to create a community of backers. On github, Vue JS has 291 Contributors which is decent but still nowhere close to the kind of backing React enjoys with 1.6k contributors. Still kudos to Evan and his team for successfully creating one of the most powerful and loved framework the dev community has ever seen.
3. Angular JS
Angular Usage Statistics 2020
Pros of using Angular
- Component Based Architecture – After ditching MVW(model-view-whatever) architecture, Angular 2 and beyond adopted a strictly component-based architecture that facilitates reusability. Components can be used over and over again throughout the app. It also enhances code readability and ease of maintenance.
- Server performance –
Cons of using Angular
- Typescript – In order to use Angular JS you are obliged to use Typescript which does offer a lot of advantages but still poses a big learning challenge to new developers to surmount. Typescript is a big barrier to entry and explains why angular has struggled against both React JS and Vue JS.
- Heavy and Bloated – compared to lightweight alternatives like React JS and Vue JS, angular is extremely bulky and large in size, roughly close to 550-600kb which might not be suited for most of the small-scale applications.
Jest Usage Statistics 2020
Mocha Usage Statistics 2020
1. Express JS
Express was originally built by TJ Holowaychuk in 2010 before being acquired by IBM(StrongLoop) in 2015. It is currently maintained by Node js Foundation. The key advantage of using Express is rapid server-side coding.
Express also makes debugging an effortless task by easily pin-pointing bugs. Another benefit of using Express is that it provides a templating engine to dynamically render HTML pages on the server-side rather than client-side which makes web application more efficient.
Express Usage Statistics 2020
Pros of using Express
- Community support – Express is a really mature 10 year old framework with a massive community backing. Express boasts more than 1.6k contributors on Github.
- Good Documentation – Express is blessed with well written and thorough documentation along with a huge trove of tutorials and resources.
Cons of using Express
- Ensuring security of the web application is entirely up to the developer and quality of the code. Express by itself doesn’t offer any security solution.
2. Next JS
Next, js is an end-to-end server-side rendering framework based on React js. Next js was created by Dutch company Vercel(previously known as ZEIT) in 2017. Although both Next and Gatsby are based on React, there is one key difference between the two.
The major advantages of using Next js are – automatic code-splitting, hot code reloading, automatic routing, and built-in handling of SEO to name a few.
Next Usage Statistics 2020
Pros of using Next
- SEO friendly – Traditional Client side rendered apps have a poor SEO performance. Search engine crawlers face difficulties in indexing such pages. However Next js with its server side rendering capability delivers an excellent SEO performance. Next js allows us to create dynamic meta tags in the head section to optimise SEO.
Cons of using Next
- Gatsby might be better than Next js for smaller blogs where static build delivers a much more favourable and better performance than relying on Next js Server side rendering.
- Performance benchmarks of Next js is in most cases inferior to Gatsby and Nuxt.